Peppermint Oil Benefits & Features
- Peppermint Essential Oil is the volatile oil obtained from the whole plant of peppermint, Mentha piperita (L.), Labiatae (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
- Peppermint is commonly used to soothe or treat gastrointestinal tract symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, indigestion, irritable bowel and bloating. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
- It has antioxidant, antitumor, anti-allergic, astringent, antiseptic, antipruritic, anti-catarrhal, carminative, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, diaphoretic, anti-emetic, nervine, antimicrobial, analgesic, stimulant, stomachic and rubefacient properties (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
- Peppermint has a high menthol content and is often used as a flavouring agent, and it is also popular in Aromatherapy. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
- It has vasoconstrictive and cooling properties and is one of the main oils used as an external application for relieving muscle spasms, pain, neuralgia, headache and toothache. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
- It has a mildly antiseptic effect which helps control the bacteria on the skin's surface. (Davis, 1988)
- It removes toxic congestion and could help treat dermatitis, ringworm, scabies and pruritus. (Seller, 1992)
- By steaming, it can clean and decongest the skin, especially for Acne. (Davis, 1988)
- The major components of peppermint oil include menthol, menthone, menthofuran and menthyl acetate representing nearly 90% of the total essential oils. (Rajinder Singh, 2011)
- As a vasoconstrictor, it cools and can relieve inflammation and sunburn. (Seller, 1992).
- Anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial & antioxidant properties of Peppermint Oil provide anti-allergic effects. (Silvia Cristina Cerini Trevisan, 2017)
- Peppermint Oil induces a rapid anagen stage of the hair cycle, which is the stage where hair grows and could be used as a practical agent for hair growth. (Ji Young Oh, 2014)
- Encouraging perspiration, Peppermint oil is a good remedy for colds by halting mucus and fever as it has a dual action- cooling when hot and warming when cold. (Seller, 1992).
- It is generally helpful in respiratory disorders and dry coughs and reputedly affects asthma, bronchitis, cholera, pneumonia and tuberculosis. (Seller, 1992).
- The oil's cooling nature helps relieve anger, hysteria and nervousness. Excellent for mental fatigue and depression (Seller, 1992)
- This oil is very beneficial for women. Scanty menstruation, painful periods and mastitis could well respond to this useful oil. (Seller, 1992)
- A research study reported that Peppermint oil has effectively reduced the severity of nausea after surgery. (Hajar Pasha, 2012)
- The local topical treatment with peppermint oil has proven significantly effective in reducing tension-type headaches and migraine. (H. Göbel, 2016)
- Peppermint oil’s strong antispasmodic action makes it useful in massage for sports injuries. Anti-inflammatory activity helps with sciatica, neuralgia, and arthritis. (A. SÚSTRIKOVÁ, 2004)
- A topical peppermint oil application trial found that peppermint oil had a muscle-relaxing action. This oil can be used for toothache. (Jamile B. Taheri, 2011)
Peppermint Oil Info
INCI: Mentha Piperita Oil
Also Known as Peppermint oil
Cas Number: 8006-90-4; 84082-70-2
All functions: masking, perfuming, refreshing, tonic
Description: Mentha piperita oil is the volatile oil obtained from the whole plant of peppermint, Mentha piperita (L.), Labiatae (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
Other Mentha species from which mint oils are obtained are Mentha spicata L. (spearmint oil), Mentha arvensis (corn mint), Mentha aquatica (water mint), Mentha virdis (synonym of Mentha spicata), Mentha pulegium (pennyroyal) and Mentha citrate (bergamot mint). (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
Aroma: Strongly piercing, sharp, menthol fragrance. (Sellar, 1992)
Colour: Colourless to pale greenish-yellow, clear mobile. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
History of Peppermint Oil
Peppermint is an herbaceous plant growing 30-90 cm tall. It is a sterile hybrid cross between Mentha aquatica and Mentha spicata. The plant is cultivated in parts of Europe, the USA, Canada, Chile, Argentina, Australia, some African countries, Brazil and Japan. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
It is widely used as a medicinal plant. Peppermint is commonly used to soothe or treat gastrointestinal tract symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, indigestion, irritable bowel and bloating. The plant has many properties, including antioxidant, antitumor, anti-allergic, astringent, antiseptic, antipruritic, anti-catarrhal, carminative, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, diaphoretic, anti-emetic, nervine, antimicrobial, analgesic, stimulant, stomachic and rubefacient. Peppermint has a high menthol content and is often used as a flavouring agent. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
The Essential oil of Peppermint, obtained by steam distillation of the leaves, has many pharmaceutical applications. It has vasoconstrictive and cooling properties and is one of the main oils used as an external application for relieving muscle spasms, pain, neuralgia, headache and toothache. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
Sometimes peppermint oil may be used in steam inhalation or other routes to relieve cold symptoms. The European Medicines Agency recently reviewed the pharmacological and clinical literature on peppermint oil and considered two indications as proven and well-established in irritable bowel syndrome patients and mild tension-type headaches. This oil is also popular in Aromatherapy. (Anton C. de Groot, 2016)
It is among the most valued and extensively used essential oils in flavouring medications and formulations for oral care, chewing gums, cough syrups, sweets, and beverages. (Aleksandar Radivojac, 2021)
Our Product with Peppermint Oil
AROMA & PROPERTIES: This herb of many species is a native of Europe but also grows in Japan and the USA, now the leading producer of peppermint. Like many other herbs, it was known to the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans and had an intense, piercing, sharp menthol fragrance. It was a perfume component amongst the Hebrews because of its aphrodisiac properties. It also has Analgesic, Anesthetic, Antiphlogistic, Astringent, Decongestant, Febrifuge, Hepatic, Nervine, and Stomachic properties.
ENERGIZING & STRESS RELIEF OIL:
Designed especially for Men for all-season Relaxation. Blend of Lavender, Peppermint and Rosemary with a Refreshing, Sharp & Minty Aroma. Balances the central nervous system. Relieve states of anger and nervousness. Revitalizes mental fatigue and depression. It clears the head and helps boost dullness and lethargy. Relieves muscular spam, sprains and rheumatic pains. Relieves pain and helps ease overworked muscles.
Fast Relief from Toothache & Gum pain:
The Natural Therapeutic Essential Oil "32 Star" blend helps to relax your Toothache, Gum Disease, Gum pain within a second.
Power of Aromatherapy: Tea tree & Cypress oil has Anti-viral and Astringent properties that help to fight gum disease & bleeding gums. Peppermint Oil & Clove oil has antimicrobial properties to treat toothache & reduces bad breath. Geranium oil & Rosemary Oil helps to fight to relieve mouth infections and bad oral bacterial. Lemon oil & Rose Oil Prevents receding gum pains and tooth decay. Juniper Oil can help to prevent cavities and fighting bacterial.
Peppermint Oil Research Findings
Chemical Compounds in Peppermint Oil:
- Menthone (p-)
- 1,8- Cineole
- Menthyl acetate
- Trans-sabinene hydrate
Peppermint Essential Oil skin benefits:
It has a mildly antiseptic effect which helps control the bacteria on the skin's surface. (Davis, 1988) Removing toxic congestion (Seller, 1992) through steaming can clean and decongest the skin, especially for Acne. (Davis, 1988)
It could help treat dermatitis, ringworm, scabies and pruritus. (Seller, 1992) Pruritus is one of the most typical skin infections (Lotfy T Elsaie, 2016 ), which leads to rashes, hives and itchiness. Peppermint oil can be effective in reducing the severity of such a condition. The topical treatment of chronic pruritus with peppermint oil is effective, easy to use, safe, cheap, favourable odour, and more acceptable for whom topical and systemic therapies tend to be irritating, contraindicated, or less well tolerated. This therapeutic option for chronic pruritus has excellent results and is free from toxic side effects. (Lotfy T Elsaie, 2016 )
The major components of peppermint oil include menthol, menthone, menthofuran and menthyl acetate representing nearly 90% of the total essential oils. The antibacterial activity is associated with the contribution of menthol. Antibacterial activity may likely be associated with a high concentration of menthol, phenols or flavonoids. Still, a synergistic effect of the other constituents of peppermint oil cannot be ruled out. Finally, it can be concluded that the active chemical compounds present in Peppermint oil should undoubtedly find a place in treating various bacterial infections. (Rajinder Singh, 2011) As a vasoconstrictor, it is cooling and can relieve inflammation and sunburn. (Seller, 1992).
Mentha piperita (Linn.), commonly called peppermint, is considered aromatic, stimulant and carminative. Mentha extract (ME) has been shown to have antioxidant properties. (Ashok Kumar, 2004) They include α-tocopherol, tannins, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), β- carotene, several protein compounds with enzymatic activity, flavonoids, polysaccharides, terpenoids, polyphenol compounds etc. Mentha piperita has antioxidant properties due to the presence of several bioactive substances. (Silvia Cristina Cerini Trevisan, 2017)
Plants containing a wide range of antioxidant properties and bioactive molecules can neutralise free radicals slowing the progress of many diseases associated with oxidative stress. Highly natural antioxidants are effective and are less toxic. Anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial & antioxidant properties provide anti-allergic effects. (Silvia Cristina Cerini Trevisan, 2017)
Peppermint Essential Oil for hair:
A study said that Peppermint oil helps in hair growth. Topical application on mice showed the most prominent hair growth effects, significantly increasing dermal thickness, follicle number, and depth. The results suggest that it induces a rapid anagen stage of the hair cycle, which is the stage where hair grows and could be used as a practical agent for hair growth without a change in body weight gain and food efficiency. (Ji Young Oh, 2014)
Peppermint Essential oil vs Minoxidil:
Hair loss is an increasing problem. Conventional treatments for hair thinning include drug therapy and hair transplant. The FDA approves Minoxidil for hair growth in men & women. (Anna Herman, 2016,)
Minoxidil stimulates regrowth in hair follicle cultures where a blood supply is absent; it is a potent activator that stimulates hair growth; minoxidil increases the number of DNA synthesising cells in the dermal papilla, bulbar matrix, outer root sheath and perifollicular cells, that result in the prolongation of the anagen phase and the conversion of vellus hairs to terminal hairs. (Anna Herman, 2016,)
It is effective, but many patients must be aware of the unknown long-term effect and potential side effects. This has increased interest in alternative remedies, such as herbal products and Essential Oils. (Anna Herman, 2016)
A study said that Peppermint oil helps in hair growth. Experimental data suggest that 3% Peppermint oil facilitates hair growth by promoting the vascularisation of hair dermal papilla, which may contribute to the induction of the early anagen stage. In addition, Peppermint essential oil effectively stimulated hair growth in an animal model via several mechanisms. So, Peppermint essential oil remarkably promoted hair growth faster than Minoxidil without significant changes in body weight gain and food efficiency. (Ji Young Oh, 2014 )
It thus could be used as a therapeutic or preventive alternative medicine for hair loss in humans. (Ji Young Oh, 2014 )
Peppermint Essential Oil for the Body:
Encouraging perspiration, it is a good remedy for colds by halting mucus and fever as it has a dual action- cooling when hot and warming when cold. (Seller, 1992). Peppermint oil can also be steam inhaled to clear the nasal passages and sinuses. (Davis, 1988) It is helpful in respiratory disorders generally, as well as dry coughs. It reputedly affects asthma, bronchitis, cholera, pneumonia and tuberculosis. (Seller, 1992).
Peppermint is best known as a remedy for digestive upsets and has a beneficial action on the stomach, liver and intestines. It is valuable in colic, diarrhoea, indigestion, vomiting and stomach pain because of its antispasmodic action, which will relieve the smooth muscles of the stomach and gut. Drinking Peppermint tea augments the effects of massage. (Davis, 1988)
It is also beneficial against food poisoning and deals with constipation, flatulence, halitosis, gallstones, nausea, and travel sickness. Also helpful for the Kidneys and Liver. It’s cooling and pain-relieving action help to ease headaches, migraines and toothache. Stimulating qualities are valuable for numbness of limbs and shock, vertigo, anaemia, dizziness and fainting. It is an excellent remedy for aching feet, and some relief may also be gained from rheumatism, neuralgia and muscular aches. (Seller, 1992).
Peppermint Essential Oil for Mind:
The oil's cooling nature helps relieve anger, hysteria and nervousness. Excellent for mental fatigue and depression (Seller, 1992) through inhalation. Stimulating and strengthening character uplifts the system and is especially useful in the treatment of shock, helpful for neuralgia and relief of general debility. (Ratan, 1997)
Peppermint Essential Oil for Women/ pregnancy:
This oil is very beneficial for women. Scanty menstruation, painful periods and mastitis could well respond to this useful oil. (Seller, 1992)
Nausea and vomiting are common problems in the first half of pregnancy. Approximately 80% of women are influenced during pregnancy, significantly impacting their quality of life. The reason behind gestational nausea and vomiting still needs to be better defined. An increment in estrogen parallel probably causes nausea to increase in gonadotropin level. (Hajar Pasha, 2012)
Various treatments, including pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical interventions, have been proposed for Nausea and Vomiting in pregnancy. But concerning the adverse effects of using chemical drugs, Complementary and Alternative Medicine is safe during pregnancy. (Farzaneh Safajou, 2020)
Healing ingredients of essential oils are broadly used in medicine throughout the world. A research study reported that peppermint oil has effectively reduced the severity of nausea after surgery. (Hajar Pasha, 2012) Peppermint is one of the other herbs used in aromatherapy has analgesic, anti-microbial, and anti-parasitic properties and is used for many therapeutic purposes, such as tiredness, tension headaches, and nausea and vomiting in pregnancy as well as cancer patients. (Hajar Pasha, 2012)
Peppermint can be recommended as an inexpensive method to reduce mild to moderate nausea and vomiting during pregnancy in women reluctant to use chemical drugs. (Hajar Pasha, 2012)
Itching is one of the most common skin symptoms of pregnant women. It can create an unpleasant feeling for these women, especially at night. Most pregnant women avoid using synthetic drugs because of their side effects. Peppermint is a plant used as a traditional drug to decrease skin temperature. (Marjan Akhavan Amjadi, 2012)
Hormonal changes during natural pregnancy may considerably affect the skin. Peppermint essential oil’s major component is menthol. By cooling the skin, menthol decreases itching. Research has shown that menthol inhibits itching. (Marjan Akhavan Amjadi, 2012)
Data about the toxic effects of using peppermint during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been reported. However, menthol has been consumed to relieve pruritus (itching) for many years. (Marjan Akhavan Amjadi, 2012)
Peppermint Essential Oil for Headaches/ Migraine:
Tension-type headache is the most frequent form of headache. The local topical treatment with peppermint oil has proven to be significantly effective. Peppermint oil treats headache pathophysiology in multiple ways. The efficacy is comparable to that of acetylsalicylic acid or paracetamol. The solution of 10% peppermint oil in ethanol is licensed to treat tension-type headaches in adults and children above six years. It is included in treatment recommendations and guidelines by the respective professional societies and is regarded as a standard treatment for the acute therapy of tension-type headaches. (H. Göbel, 2016)
Peppermint Essential oil for joint pain:
Peppermint essential oil has unique therapeutic properties that have been documented by use throughout history as one of the most well-known essential oils. It is a powerful diffusible stimulant. Medicines made of it may be applied both externally and internally. (A. SÚSTRIKOVÁ, 2004)
This oil is a very grateful agent to allay nausea and vomiting, indigestion, fevers, flatulence, headaches, migraine, liver problems and arthritis. Its strong antispasmodic action makes it useful in massage for sports injuries. Anti-inflammatory activity helps with sciatica, neuralgia, and arthritis. Peppermint oil, on account of the menthol present in it, is a local anaesthetic and may be employed to relieve local pain, such as in the inflamed joints of rheumatism, as a spray in painful inflammation of the throat and fauces, and in any painful condition where a direct application of the anaesthetic can be made. (A. SÚSTRIKOVÁ, 2004)
Peppermint oil for toothache:
Peppermint oil is classified as a carminative (which prevents and relieves intestinal gas). Peppermint oil or peppermint tea is often used to treat gas and indigestion. A topical peppermint oil application trial found that peppermint oil had a muscle-relaxing action. This oil can be used for toothache by soaking a cotton ball in the oil and placing it in the cavity or rubbing it on the tooth. Peppermint leaf tablets and capsules, 3–6 g per day, can be used as a mouthwash to relieve gum inflammation. (Jamile B. Taheri, 2011)
How to use:
- Add 3-4 drops of essential oil to the diffuser.
- Applied topically on the skin with carrier oil. Add 2-3 drops.
- Add 2-3 drops to shampoo or conditioner.
- Massage into the scalp with coconut or almond oil while showering. Add 2-3 drops.
- Add 5-10 drops to the warm water bath.
- Ingests orally in tablet or capsule form. (Always consult a doctor before consuming peppermint oil in any form).
- Use as a pesticide.
A powerful and overwhelming aroma, so it should be taken with dosage. The best use is in infusers rather than massage, though it might be okay in local areas. However, it is likely to irritate the skin and mucous membranes and should be kept away from the eyes. (Seller, 1992)
Peppermint should not be used if any homoeopathic remedies are being taken and must be stored far away from such treatments, as it can antidote them. (Davis, 1988)
Do not use peppermint in the evening, as it can cause wakefulness. Using it over long periods is unwise, as the stimulant effect is cumulative, and it may cause considerable disturbance of the regular sleep pattern. (Davis, 1988)
Frequently Asked Questions:
1. what peppermint oil is good for hair?
A. Whenever you buy Pure Peppermint Essential Oil, you must follow this…
- Make sure the plant’s Latin name is listed on the label or webpage if you shop online. If only the common name is listed (for example, "lavender essential oil"), You might be shelling out for a lower-cost hybrid.
- Check the bottle. A quality supplier will sell their essential oils in a tightly sealed dark (usually amber) glass bottle. Light and heat can damage essential oils (hence why the bottle needs to be dark), and the highly volatile chemical compounds in EOs don’t mix well with plastic, so they must be kept in the glass. If you ever see an essential oil in a plastic bottle, do not buy it!
- Read the label; it should also state what plant parts were used (i.e., on a bottle of niaouli, it should say “Plant part: Leaf and twig”), how it was extracted (distillation or expression), and how it was grown (aka organic, wild-crafted, traditional). The label should also specify that it is “100 per cent pure essential oil” and list the net contents (including metric measurement). If it says “essence oil,” that’s not a pure essential oil but typically a premixed blend of essential oil(s) in a base of carrier oil (like jojoba). This is great for specific applications but is not the pure essential oil. The label should list all ingredients in the formula, and if you’re shopping for a pure EO, it should have only one ingredient.
- Verify the source; you should easily find where it originated. If the label doesn’t mention the country of origin, you might see a “lot#,” which you can then look up. If you’re buying from a website, it should state where the oil is from on the product page, even if the individual bottles may not (simply because labels can be small).
2. what peppermint oil is edible?
A. Always use Peppermint essential oil orally under a professional’s prescription. It would be best to use FDA-approved brands and follow the level instructions.
3. Is an excess dose of Peppermint oil toxic?
A. Like many essential oils, peppermint oil can be toxic and even lethal at excessive dosages; it has been associated with interstitial nephritis and acute renal failure.
4. Are peppermint oil capsules safe?
A. Peppermint oil appears safe when taken orally (by mouth) or applied topically in the doses commonly used. Peppermint oil has been safely used in many clinical trials.
But always take it orally after consulting a doctor.
5. Are peppermint oil and peppermint extract the same?
A. Peppermint oil is a pure, concentrated oil--known as an essential oil--derived from the stems and leaves of the peppermint plant.
An extract is a mixture of essential oil and a medium--usually alcohol--that helps carry the flavour.
Peppermint oil is quite strong, so you must dilute it for most uses.
- A. SÚSTRIKOVÁ, I. Š. (2004). Essential oil of peppermint (Mentha × piperita L.)from fields in Eastern Slovakia. Retrieved from https://www.agriculturejournals.cz/pdfs/hor/2004/01/07.pdf
- Aleksandar Radivojac, O. B. (2021, May 13). Extraction of Peppermint Essential Oils and Lipophilic Compounds: Assessment of Process Kinetics and Environmental Impacts with Multiple Techniques. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26102879
- Anna Herman, A. P. ( 2016,, August 20 ). Mechanism of action of herbs and their active constituents used in hair loss treatment. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2016.08.008
- Anton C. de Groot, E. S. (2016). Essential oils contact allergy and chemical composition.
- Davis, P. (1988). Aromatherapy An A-Z (1st ed.). The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd.
- Farzaneh Safajou, N. S. (2020, 1 Sep). The Effect of Combined Inhalation Aromatherapy with Lemon and Peppermint on Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy: A Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Trial. doi: doi: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_11_19
- H. Göbel, A. H.-K. (2016, April 22 ). Peppermint oil in the acute treatment of tension-type headache. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00482-016-0109-6
- Hajar Pasha, F. B. (2012). Study of the Effect of Mint Oil on Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy. doi:DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.3477
- Hui Zhao, S. R. (2022., August 19 ). Peppermint essential oil: its phytochemistry, biological activity, pharmacological effect and application. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2022.113559
- Jamile B. Taheri, S. A. ( 2011, December). Herbs in dentistry. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1875-595X.2011.00064.
- Ji Young Oh, M. A. (2014, December 30). Peppermint Oil Promotes Hair Growth without Toxic Signs. doi:https://link.springer.com/article/10.5487/TR.2014.30.4.297
- Ji Young Oh, M. A. (2014 , Dec). Peppermint Oil Promotes Hair Growth without Toxic Signs. doi:doi: 10.5487/TR.2014.30.4.297
- Ljiljana P. Stanojević, Ž. M.-B. (2018, Sep ). Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Menthae piperitae L. doi:DOI:10.7251/QOL1801005M
- Lotfy T Elsaie, A. M.-E. ( 2016 , Oct 11). Effectiveness of topical peppermint oil on symptomatic treatment of chronic pruritus. doi:doi: 10.2147/CCID.S116995
- Marjan Akhavan Amjadi, F. M. (2012, November). The Effect of Peppermint Oil on Symptomatic Treatment of Pruritus in Pregnant Women. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3813175/
- Rajinder Singh, M. A. ( 2011, January 22 ). Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Mentha piperita L. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2011.01.019
- Ratan, D. R. (1997). Hand book of Aromatherapy (1st ed.). Institute of Holistic Health Sciences.
- Sellar, W. (1992). The Directory of Essential Oils (1st ed.).
- Silvia Cristina Cerini Trevisan, A. P. (2017, 01 13). PROPERTIES OF MENTHA PIPERITA: A BRIEF REVIEW. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sandra-Barbalho/publication/317290799_PROPERTIES_OF_MENTHA_PIPERITA_A_BRIEF_REVIEW/links/5930af11a6fdcc89e7845f37/PROPERTIES-OF-MENTHA-PIPERITA-A-BRIEF-REVIEW.pdf
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